Se sa m konnen Joel. Zèl sa yo kase, men w toujou pare pou w mete foto moun ki te mouri nan zòn fwontyè an pa vre? Zèl sa yo p ap janm kase pou wou.
Si wou ka mande ki jounalis ke lavalas te touye, sa vle di ke 2 asasina jounalis pa t sifi, depi yo pa t gen tan touye tout, pa genyen anyen ki grav:?:
Ebyen men yon ti lis pasyèl sa ke nou menm lavalas te konn fè rès ke nou pa t gen tan touye yo pase:
Twelve journalists exiled
Paul Ignace Janvier, of the TV station Télémax, left the country in August 2001 after being badly beaten up by presumed supporters of the ruling Fanmi Lavalas party. Janvier had refused an offer in October 2000 to work at Télé Ti Moun, a TV station funded by the Aristide Foundation for Democracy, and had since been regularly harassed. A job had been offered to several journalists at Télémax.
Ulrick Justin, the correspondent of Radio Vision 2000 in Léogane, left the country on 16 December after several weeks of receiving death threats from local politicians close to Fanmi Lavalas who regarded him as an "enemy of the people," saying that he was working against the government. At the end of October, a meeting was reportedly held at which it was decided to kill him. On 9 November, Justin had covered the lynching by a crowd of demonstrators of Panel Rénélus, arrested the previous day by police, who were suspected of having handed him over to the crowd. Rénélus was being investigated for his alleged role in the murder of radio journalist Jean Dominique.
Ten more journalists left Haiti at the end of December. They were Phares Duverné, Robert Philomé, Midi Pierre Richard and Yves Clausel Alexis, all of Radio Vision 2000, Abel Descollines of Radio Galaxie, Carlo Sainristil (news editor) and Wien-Weibert Arthus (reporter) of Radio Caraïbes FM, Gaston Janvier of the Réseau caribéen de presse (Recap), Garry Bélizaire of the radio station Signal FM and Franceline Léonard, correspondent of Radio Métropole in the southwestern town of Les Cayes. Their departure came after an apparent attempted coup d’etat on December 17, when the regime called several thousand supporters of President Aristide into the streets. Armed with machetes, sticks and guns, they threatened journalists from several radio stations, accusing them of being too critical of the government. Duverné and Philomé were forced to shout "Long live Aristide!" by the demonstrators, who threatened to kill them. In the early hours of 17 December, about 20 armed men attacked the presidential palace in Port-au-Prince. A few hours later, security forces regained control of the building but most of the attackers managed to get away. Several opposition premises were burned down by government supporters.
Thirteen journalists attacked
In late March 2001, Valéry Numa, Jean Sévère, Marc Sony, Yves Clausel Alexis and Robert Philomé, all of Radio Vision 2000, were set upon as they were covering a demonstration in front of an opposition party office. Some of the protesters, who said they supported President Aristide’s Fanmi Lavalas party, attacked the journalists and ordered them to pack up their equipment and leave.
Jean-Marie Mayard, correspondent of Radio Métropole in St Marc (95 km northwest of Port-au-Prince), was attacked on 29 September by members of the Bale Wouze (Clean Sweep) organisation, which is close to Fanmi Lavalas, as he was going home after an Aristide rally. He was insulted and threatened and his tape recorder smashed. "If you keep out putting out news that isn’t pro-Lavalas, you’re a dead man," one of the attackers warned him.
Jean-Robert Delciné, of Radio Haïti Inter, was attacked on 12 October by police in the Port-au-Prince slum of Cité Soleil. He was hit and threatened with death by Insp. Yrvens César and another policeman, who pointed a gun at him and confiscated his tape-recorder. The journalist had come across the two policemen as they were about to summarily execute someone.
Franceline Léonard, correspondent of Radio Métropole in Les Cayes, was beaten while out reporting on 17 November by a local pro-Lavalas leader, Romain Hilaire, who smashed her tape-recorder before passers-by overpowered him. Police who were present did not intervene. Hilaire had threatened and attacked the journalist in February 1999. Léonard, who said she was regularly a target of threats and attacks, said Hilaire accused her of giving unfavourable news coverage of the ruling party.
Evrard Saint-Armand, of Radio Kiskeya, was attacked and taken at gunpoint by a plainclothes policeman to the offices of the Anti-Gang section of the Port-au-Prince police on 25 November. The journalist had just witnessed a dispute which ended in the death of a young man. Police accused him of being responsible and he was hit several times while being questioned. The Haitian Journalists’ Association (AJH) said police "knew perfectly well he was present as a journalist" and accused them of trying to "discredit" the press. Saint-Armand was freed a few hours later after the intervention of the radio’s management and senior police officials. His equipment was smashed, preventing him from being able to broadcast the recording he had made of his arrest.
Ernst Océan of Radio Vision 2000 was attacked and threatened with death by members of a pro-government grassroots organisation on 29 November who fired shots at him and punctured the tyres of his car. They accused him of working for the opposition Convergence Démocratique.
Montigène Sincère, a reporter for the programme "Haïti Focus" broadcast in the United States and a former parliamentary election candidate, and his son Daniel Sincère, of "Haiti Focus" and Voice of America, were arrested by police in the southern town of Petit-Goâve on 12 December and taken to the local police station, where they were beaten, on grounds they had incited people to violence. The following week, Montigène Sincère’s house was burned down by government supporters. A few days later, another of his sons, Elysée Sincère, the correspondent of Radio Vision 2000 in Petit-Goâve, was forced to go into hiding. The town had been in turmoil since the murder the previous week of journalist Brignol Lindor.
Paul Raymond and René Civil, leaders of two "popular organisations" close to President Aristide, called on 9 January 2001 for the murder of Liliane Pierre-Paul, programme director and co-owner of Radio Kiskeya, Max Chauvet, managing editor of the daily Le Nouvelliste, and several members of the opposition. The two men accused them of featuring on a list, supposedly drawn up by the opposition, of more than 100 people who, they charged, wanted to set up a parallel government to counter the return to the presidency on 7 February of Jean-Bertrand Aristide. During their press conference, they also accused Pierre-Paul of talking on the air about the "disputed parliament" when referring to the legislature produced by the May 2000 elections, whose results, as announced by Fanmi Lavalas, were questioned by the opposition and the international community. A few hours after the press conference, a can of petrol was thrown into the courtyard of Radio Kiskeya but did not catch fire. In previous weeks, the radio had received anonymous phone threats.
Roosevelt Benjamin, news editor of the Port-au-Prince radio station Signal FM, received phone calls on 9 June warning him that he was "meddling in matters" that did "not concern" him. In the next two days, he got three more such calls. In his programme "Moment Vérité" on 9 June, he had said that a new organisation, Mouvement de la Société Civile Majoritaire (Majority Civil Society Movement), was controlled by people close to senators of the ruling Fanmi Lavalas party. A few weeks earlier, armed men showed up in the neighbourhood where Michel Soukar, another journalist at the station, lived and asked people where his house and car were. In March, during pro-Lavalas demonstrations, unidentified people on motor-cycles came to the radio station and warned Soukar that he should "expect to be attacked soon."
Confident Fedner, a reporter with the Catholic station Radio Sacré-Cœur and correspondent in the southeastern town of Thiotte of Radio Ginen and Radio Express Continental, received death threats on 27 August after denouncing alleged abuses in the Thiotte town administration. He had already been threatened on 17 July by a security agent at the Thiotte town hall. Since then, he has had threats from a grassroots organisation close to the mayor of Thiotte and Fanmi Lavalas.
Jean-Marie Mayard, the correspondent of Radio Métropole in St Marc, received death threats from members of pro-government grassroots organisations during an opposition demonstration on 29 November. He was accused of not broadcasting news favourable to the government and later picked up by police for no reason and briefly detained.
Thony Bélizaire, an Agence France-Presse photographer, Gérin Alexandre and Jean-Elie Moléus, both reporters from Radio Caraïbes FM, and Guyler Delva, president of the Haitian Journalists’ Association (AJH), were stopped in the street in Port-au-Prince on 17 December by emotional and armed Fanmi Lavalas supporters who had come out into the streets to support the government in the wake of an apparent attempted coup d’etat. The crowd wanted to know who the journalists in the street worked for. "We’d’ve killed you if you’d worked for Radio Caraïbes FM," some of them told Maxeau Exil, of the online news agency Haiti Press Network, who they threatened with a gun. Roger Damas, of Radio Ibo, managed to escape after being forced to hand over his press card and cell-phone to demonstrators who accused the radio of backing the opposition. Several journalists stayed at home that day, fearing reprisals. In the provinces, Alix Michel Félix, head of Radio Grand’Anse, and Duc Jonathan Joseph, correspondent of Radio Métropole in Gonaïves, were attacked by government supporters. Over the next few days, at least a dozen journalists were forced to go into hiding.
Thony Jean Ténor, a pro-Lavalas Haitian living in Florida, said on the government-run Radio Nationale on 19 December that journalist Ives-Marie Chanel worked for the opposition party Organisation du Peuple en Lutte (OPL - Organisation of the People in Struggle). Interviewed by the station’s news editor, Jean Th. Pierre-Louis, he said Chanel was one of those "disappointed" by the failure of the 17 December apparent coup attempt. On 18 December, Chanel had been heard on Kafou, a Haitian community radio station in Florida, deploring the dangerous situation in Haiti for journalists. The head of Kafou, Alex Saint-Surin, said that since the broadcast he had been attacked by pro-Lavalas stations in Florida. Chanel is boss of the Sans-Souci FM radio station, programme director for Radio Ibo and correspondent in Haiti for the Inter Press Service (IPS) news agency and Reporters Without Borders.
On 24 December, two provincial organisations, the Association of Journalists of the Southeast and the Gonaives Media Workers’ Association, denounced threats and intimidation by government supporters against journalists in these areas.
Pressure and obstruction
On 17 December 2001, the day of an apparent attempted coup d’etat, four privately-owned radio stations in the capital - Radio Métropole, Radio Vision 2000, Radio Caraïbes FM and Radio Kiskeya - went off the air
for security reasons, while others, such as Radio Galaxie, Signal FM, and Radio Ibo, stopped broadcasting news. Some stations said they had been threatened, while others deplored the general atmosphere of lawlessness with armed Fanmi Lavalas supporters on the streets in support of the government. Some Fanmi Lavalas supporters attacked Radio Caraïbes FM, smashing the windows of cars at the station. Two vehicles, belonging to the TV station Télémax and Radio Métropole, were also damaged near the presidential palace. In the provinces, Radio Maxima, in the northern city of Cap-Haïtien, was forced to go off the air for several days after being threatened by members of pro-government grassroots organisations. The online news agency Haïti Press Network reported that radio stations in the southwestern town of Jérémie faced a similar situation. In subsequent days, the radios gradually resumed their programmes, but Radio Caraïbes FM announced it was suspending its news broadcasts until January 2002.